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State of Alberta

 

Alberta is located in western North America, and borders the Northwest Territories (north), British Columbia (west), Montana (south) and Saskatchewan (east). Alberta is a land of wheat fields, rolling plains, foothills and the Rocky Mountains. When Alberta became a province in 1905, most of its 75,000 people lived on the prairie wheat farms and foothill ranches. With the widespread discoveries of oil and natural gas deposits, industrialization began and the small frontier towns became thriving cities. Alberta is still a leading producer of livestock, grain and farm products. Alberta produces most of Canada's crude oil and natural gas. In addition, manufacturing plays an important role in the economic life of Alberta.


Population & Geography

    Total Area: 661,848 sq km / 255,541 sq mi1

    Population: 3,720,900 (2010)1

    Capital City: Edmonton

    Largest Metro Areas: Calgary: 1,242,600; Edmonton: 1,176,300 (2010)1


Economy

    GDP: $247.184 billion CAD (2009)1

    GDP per capita: $66,431 CAD (2009)1

    Unemployment rate: 6.5% (2010)1


Government

    Premier: Ed Stelmach (PC) (2011)2

    Legislative Assembly: 67 Progressive Conservatives (including Premier), 8 Liberals, 4 Wildrose Alliance, 2 New Democrats, 1 Alberta Party, 1 Independent (2011)2


Other Information

    Federal Representation: 26 Conservatives, 1 New Democrat (2011)3

    Origin of Name: The Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada from 1878 until 1883, visited Calgary and Banff in 1881, and the territory was named after his wife Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, daughter of Queen Victoria of Britain.4


If Alberta were to become the 51st state today...

    Area Rank: 3rd biggest State (bigger than California, smaller than Texas)5

    Population Rank: 29th most populous State (bigger than Connecticut, smaller than Oklahoma)5

    GDP Rank: 20th biggest economy in US (bigger than Tennessee, smaller than Colorado)6

    Congressmen: 5 House Representatives and 2 Senators.

    Electoral Votes: 7


Sources:

    1. Statistics Canada
    2. Legislative Assembly of Alberta
    3. Parliament of Canada
    4. Geographical Names of Canada
    5. United States Census Bureau
    6. United States Department of Commerce

 

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